Written sources document a small Jewish population in the town from the beginning of the 18th century until the end of the 19th century. In 1724 a Jewish family wine distillery was established within the estates, a Jewish family of a distiller was registered in the Jewish registry of 1783, then two families of merchants in the registry of 1793. In 1880 there were 8 Jews living here, then in 1890 there were 3 Jews.
A prayer room is documented in the village in the 18th century. It was probably located in a private home, but we do not know where.
The cemetery is located 500 meters northwest of the Sudoměřice train station on a hill between two fields. It is not known when it was founded, but it is presumed around 1700; it was first documented in the first quarter of the 18th century. Over an area of 2,996 square meters there are 230 tombstones preserved, with the oldest legible tombstone dating back to 1780. The dominant feature is the brick mortuary, of which only the remnants of the perimeter walls remain. In 1916, two refugees from Galicia were buried there, as was the general health minister MUDr. Ignac Herrmann, who died at the age of 82 in Ruzyně, in 1938. This is a valuable cemetery with a number of tombstones decorated with traditional symbols and vegetative motifs. The cemetery is freely accessible.
Interesting: In 1821, Isak Stern, who spent most of his life at the Chýnov manor in the village of Pohnání, was buried in the Prudice Jewish cemetery. He was reportedly 101 years old at the time of his death. His relatives include, for example, MUDr. Bedřich Stern (1865 - about 1940), who was a well-known doctor in Planá nad Lužnicí, and MUDr. Otto Natan Stern (1891-1942), who was a sought-after dentist in Tábor as well as a renowned theater actor and owner of a large bibliophilic library.