A minor Jewish settlement is documented in Třeboň from the last quarter of the 18th century, and other families from the surrounding countryside were permitted to settle in the town since the mid-19th century. There was no Jewish community in Třeboň and the Třeboň estates until the second half of the 19th century. In 1880, there lived 181 Jews (3.1% of the population), in 1900 there lived 77 Jews (1.4% of the population), in 1910 there were 63 Jews, and in 1930 there were only 43 Jews (0.8% of the population).
The synagogue was established by modifying an upper floor of the older burgher house No. 50/I on the dead end of Krčínova street south of the town square in the second half of the 19th century (perhaps around 1880). It was used for worship until World War II. The building then served as a warehouse, and today it is a residential house. The original ceiling of the prayer hall with stucco decoration and ornamental painting has been preserved in the attic. The neighboring Baroque two-storey house No. 49/I was the residence of the rabbinate and held the school for the Jewish community. The house is currently used for residential purposes.
Cemetery. Until the end of the 19th century, Jews from Třeboň were buried in the cemetery in Stráž nad Nežárkou. The cemetery in Třeboň was founded between 1897-1900. It was approved on 20 June 1900, and a permit was issued for burials on 18 July 1900. The cemetery is located in a forest two kilometers east of the city, covering an area of 2,190 square meters and holding several dozen preserved tombstones from the foundation of the cemetery until the late 1930’s. A cemetery house was built at the same time as the foundation of the cemetery and is now used for recreation.
Interesting: One the last to be buried here were the members of the Metzl family, whose descendants now live in Bohemia and America. Three members of the Metzl family, Felix, Viktor, and Karel who died during the Second World War, are commemorated by a Stolpersteine monument. The stones were laid in 2010 in front of house No. 96 on Masaryk Square in Třeboň, where the family lived.